sur-bombedSince it is located in a transition area between Eastern Anatolia and Mesopotamia plains, Diyarbakır has been the heart of caravan routes since ancient times up until today. Diyarbakır Fortress and the city are rare examples that could survive until 21st century, at the same time, symbolize development of the urban history as well as all phases of historical heritage. The first settlement in the city took place at Amida mounds in İçkale (Inner Castle) during 5000 BC. Topographical characteristics of this district have engendered an effective self-defence environment for the people that resulted in more and more settlements and higher population density across time. The first structure functioning as a fortress was built around 3000 BC by Hurrians domineering the region in that er


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